Golaghat, Assam, India
430 km² (166 sq mi)
latitudes 26°30' N and 26°45' N,
and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kaziranga National Park is unique in all
spheres as compared to other national parks in India. A bastion of wild
beasts, it is the natural habitat of world's largest population (two-thirds)
of one-horned rhinoceroses. Apart from this, the park has the highest
density of tigers in the world and is the home to large breeding populations
of swamp deers and Asian elephants.
Situated in eastern India on the bank of the Brahmaputra, Kaziranga
National Park has sprawling 688 sq. km area on the edge of the lower eastern
Himalayas crisscrossed by four major rivers. Undisturbed by a human
presence, this biodiversity hotspot combines high species diversity.
Kaziranga is classified as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International
for its vast avifaunal species as well as many mammals, including panthers,
leopard and bears.
Kaziranga National Park exhibits four types of vegetation - grasslands,
woodlands, tropical moist deciduous forests and tropical semi-evergreen
forests. Abundant rainfalls supports a very rich and varied flora in the
park. Common grasses include sugarcanes, elephant grass, spear grass and
reed. Thick evergreen forests contain boardleaf trees, whereas tropical
semi-evergreen forests support common trees and shrubs. Among the vast
aquatic floras, the most noticed are water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus,
which create beautiful panoramic view in the lakes and ponds. There are also
swamps, water bodies and sand.
Kaziranga contains significant populations of over 35 mammal species along
with rare reptiles and avifaunal species. Apart from being the world's
largest population of the One-Horned Rhinoceros, the park provides natural
habitat to some rare animals like Bengal tigers, leopards, panthers,
elephant, Asiatic water buffalo, swamp deer and endangered Ganges dolphin.
Prominent others are fishing cat, mongoose, civet, Bengal fox, golden
jackal, Chinese pangolin, Chinese badgers, particolored squirrels, macaque
Kaziranga National Park is an important bird area and paradise for
ornithologists. It is the home to migratory birds, water birds, predators
and scavengers. During peak winter, several migratory birds come into this
area from central Asia. Among reptiles, two of the world's largest snakes -
Reticulated Python and Rock Python - along with world's longest venomous
snake - King Cobra - inhabit the park. Others include India cobra, monocled
cobra, Russell's viper, monitor lizard, Assam roofed turtle and brown
Best Time to Visit
The park experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. The
temperature in winter season (November-February) ranges from 25°C to 5°C.
The summer season between March and May is hot when temperature reaches upto
37°C. The rainy monsoon season lasts from June to September.
Kaziranga's visiting season is from mid-November to early April months as
during monsoons Brahmaputra river floods most areas of the park.
How to Reach
The nearest airport is Guwahati (217 km).
The nearest railway station is Furkating (75 km).
The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is
situated at Kohora on the NH-37.
For more details & tour packages, please communicate with us via the
query form attached.